Thursday, September 3, 2020
Created in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardener, a teacher at the extremely esteemed Harvard University, the various insight hypothesis expresses that testing a personÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge through IQ tests is confining. In his exceptionally mainstream work, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence, Dr. Howard Gardner refered to eight sorts of knowledge that are intrinsic in men-phonetic insight (Ã¢â¬Å"word smartÃ¢â¬ ); consistent scientific knowledge (Ã¢â¬Å"number/thinking smartÃ¢â¬ ); spatial knowledge (Ã¢â¬Å"picture smartÃ¢â¬ ); substantial sensation insight (Ã¢â¬Å"body smartÃ¢â¬ ); melodic knowledge (Ã¢â¬Å"music smartÃ¢â¬ ); relational knowledge (Ã¢â¬Å"people smartÃ¢â¬ ); intrapersonal knowledge (Ã¢â¬Å"self smartÃ¢â¬ ); and naturalist insight (Ã¢â¬Å"nature smartÃ¢â¬ ) (Armstrong, 2000). Legitimate Mathematical Intelligence The individuals who have the legitimate scientific knowledge would for the most part end up as a researcher or mathematician. They are for the most part delicate to and have the ability to separate coherent and numerical examples (Gardner and Hatch, 1989, being knowledgeable with everything that has something to do with rationale, reflections, inductive and deductive thinking and above all else, numbers. Along these lines, they are supposed to be astounding in arithmetic, chess, PC programming and different exercises that includes numbers and rationale (WIkipedia.org). They likewise can deal with long chains of thinking (Gardner and Hatch, 1989). Etymological Intelligence The individuals who have this type of insight then again are well on the way to wind up as artists and columnists for it has got something to do with words, be it spoken or composed. These are the individuals who are delicate to sounds, rhythms and obviously, the implications of various words. Moreover, these individuals are truly educated in the various elements of language (Gardner and Hatch, 1989). They are acceptable in perusing, composing and in any event, recounting stories. Simultaneously, they are acceptable in retaining dates and words (Wikipedia.org, 2007). They depend on taking notes, perusing, tuning in to talks, conversations and discussions as their essential wellspring of information. These individuals are said to learn unknown dialects effectively, having a high verbal memory and the ability to comprehend the structure of words and sentences. Melodic Intelligence Individuals having melodic insight will in general become writers, violin player, performers, artists, and so forth. They can create and simultaneously, acknowledge cadence, pitch and tone along with the energy about the various structures through which music is communicated (Gardner and Hatcher, 1989). The individuals who additionally have this sort of insight will in general learn and remember various kinds of data using music. As a general rule, they work productively and successfully with music playing out of sight (Wikipedia.org, 2007). Spatial Intelligence Having this sort of insight, an individual may wind up as a guide, stone worker as they are acceptable in picturing and intellectually controlling articles (Wikipedia.org, 2007). With this recognition comes their precision in performing change dependent on their discernments (Gardner and Hatch, 1989). Body-Kinesthetic Intelligence The individuals who have this sort of insight, then again end up as competitors or artists, as this has something to do with development. Individuals who are canny dependent on this frequently incline toward exercises that utilize body developments, which make them additionally great in building and making things. They recollect things through their body, utilizing what is known as muscle memory (Gardner and Hatcher, 1989). Relational Intelligence Having this kind of knowledge makes one individual a future advisor or sales rep, having the ability to react to the mind-sets, demeanors, inspirations and wants of others (Gardner and Hatcher, 1989).Ã¢ They are normally outgoing people who exceed expectations such a great amount in collaborating with others. Intrapersonal Intelligence They end up to be an individual with point by point, exact, self information that might get to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s sentiments and attract them controlling conduct, qualities, shortcomings, and so on (Gardner and Hatcher, 1989). Training and the Multiple Intelligence Theory The idea of knowledge pervades our everyday carries on with simply like some other mental idea. Before finishing and in any event, entering an organization of instruction, understudies are approached to finish and fitness test that would gauge their IQ or IQ that could decide their readiness and ability to learn in foundations like the one they are applying in. Knowledge tests have been a significant apparatus that is being utilized in most instructive establishments that place a high significance on the connection among insight and training (Wagner and Sternberg, 1984) As indicated by Dr. Gardner, the vast majority of the schools and societies will in general spotlight more on the etymological and legitimate numerical insights of its understudies therefore raising the confidence levels of people who are knowledgeable in their language, of people who know such a great amount about math, people who are master in thinking. The various societies and social orders neglect to perceive the accomplishments and insight of those individuals who have show different kinds of knowledge the craftsmen, planners, performers, creators, competitors, and those other who really show their significance in different parts of the general public (Armstrong, 2000). It is additionally a result of the social orders center around the phonetic and sensible mathematic insight that schools can't address the necessities of understudies who are not skilled with these sorts of knowledge. Lamentably, the individuals who have not been giving due acknowledgment for the knowledge they have [as they have different sorts of insight separated from those general public considers very important] as a rule endure ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder (Armstrong, 2000). As Gardner emphasized in his investigation of MI hypothesis, an individual is precisely outfitted with extraordinary knowledge to adapt up in an assorted social society. It furnishes understudies with choices to progress and acknowledgment for whatever gifts they have. Etymological insight and individual knowledge gives incredible open doors for people in an all inclusive serious society. The basic perspectives on instruction are currently assorted in with respect to insight out of simply the typical extent of knowledge. The various knowledge hypothesis is supposed to be a danger to formal instruction, a passing chime as it's been said, accepting that educating to address a solitary sort of insight is as of now hard. Nonetheless, most schools have really reacted decidedly to GardnerÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis as it is said to approve educatorÃ¢â¬â¢s regular experience, perceiving the distinction in the manner in which understudies think and learn. Simultaneously, teachers have perceived the ownership of the seven sorts of insight as a need in carrying on with life well. It is consequently that instructors are being called to go to a wide range of insight, not simply the two sorts of knowledge customarily tended to by teachers and instructive establishments (Smith, 2002). MI is a way to cultivate great work. MI ought to be utilized as a device to advance a high caliber of instruction rather than only a hypothesis (Smith, 2002). Inventiveness is advanced in the subtlety of instruction and by which it enables the creation of progressively innovative plans to persistently bolster the current information we to learn in school. Understudies are likewise urged to learn past the four dividers of the homeroom, in setting them up for this present reality. They are furnished with realities that they could apply in their everyday lives. GardnerÃ¢â¬â¢s various insight hypothesis has roused a ton of schools to experience instructive changes that could help raise the nature of training. As indicated by Thomas Armstrong (2000), a few strategies have been fused in showing scholarly points. For instance, the investigation of the law of gracefully and request in financial matters doesn't simply include semantic and legitimate numerical insights, for example, concentrating by finding out about it and the scientific articulations by which the law is communicated. In the investigation, spatial insight is likewise fused through assessment of realistic graphs, watching the laws of the regular world (naturalist), the human universe of trade (relational), the law as far as oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own body (substantial sensation and intrapersonal) or even the composition/finding a melody that demonstrates the precision of the law of gracefully and request. It is consequently that various schools have upgraded their educational plan to fulfill the necessities of the individuals have various sorts of knowledge. Expressions PROPEL, in the US have built up a progression of modules that serve the objectives of the educational program just as the necessities of its understudies. MI is a way to cultivate excellent work. Utilizing MI as an apparatus to advance excellent understudy work as opposed to utilizing the hypothesis as an end all by itself (Smith, 2002). Inventiveness is advanced in the subtlety of training and by which it enables the creation of progressively innovative plans to persistently bolster the current information we to learn in school. Understudies are likewise given not exclusively to think inside about the limits of the study hall but instead set them up in reality and set them in a larger number of ways than one. One which is just furnished with realities yet not ready to apply it in circumstances the person in question faces. Similarly, Patricia Bolanos planned a state funded school in Indianapolis that bolsters the numerous knowledge hypothesis. The educational program is structured so that it helps in finding the sort of insight an understudy is supposed to have and simultaneously, direct them in advancing what they have. Through the various advances that these schools have taken, they have as it were, considered the job of individuals who display different sorts of knowledge. At the sa
Saturday, August 22, 2020
18 Chapter Two Linear Programming: Basic Concepts 2. 1 A CASE STUDY: THE WYNDOR GLASS CO. Item MIX PROBLEM Jim Baker is energized. The gathering he heads has truly struck it rich this time. They have had some remarkable accomplishments before, yet he feels that this one will be extremely uncommon. He can barely wait for the response after his reminder arrives at top administration. Jim has had an astounding reputation during his seven years as chief of new item advancement for the Wyndor Glass Company.Although the organization is a little one, it has been encountering extensive development to a great extent in light of the creative new items created by JimÃ¢â¬â¢s gathering. WyndorÃ¢â¬â¢s president, John Hill, has regularly recognized freely the key job that Jim has played in the ongoing achievement of the organization. Along these lines, John felt extensive certainty a half year prior in asking JimÃ¢â¬â¢s gathering to build up the accompanying new items: Ã¢â¬ ¢ A 8-foot glass entryway with aluminum confining. Ã¢â¬ ¢ A 4-foot 6-foot twofold hung, wood-confined window.Although a few different organizations previously had items meeting these particulars, John felt that Jim would have the option to work his typical enchantment in presenting energizing new highlights that would build up new industry gauges. Presently, Jim canÃ¢â¬â¢t expel the grin from his face. They have done it. Foundation The Wyndor Glass Co. creates top notch glass items, including windows and glass entryways that element handcrafting and the best workmanship. In spite of the fact that the items are costly, they fill a market specialty by giving the best accessible in the business for the most separating purchasers. The organization has three plants.Plant 1 produces aluminum casings and equipment. Plant 2 produces wood outlines. Plant 3 delivers the glass and gathers the windows and entryways. Due to declining deals for specific items, top administration has chosen to patch up the comp anyÃ¢â¬â¢s product offering. Unfruitful items are being suspended, discharging creation ability to dispatch the two new items created by Jim BakerÃ¢â¬â¢s gathering if the board favors their discharge. The 8-foot glass entryway requires a portion of the creation limit in Plants 1 and 3, yet not Plant 2. The 4-foot 6-foot twofold hung window needs just Plants 2 and 3. The board now needs to address two issues: 1.Should the organization proceed with propelling these two new items? 2. Assuming this is the case, what ought to be the item mixÃ¢â¬the number of units of each delivered per weekÃ¢â¬ for the two new items? ManagementÃ¢â¬â¢s Discussion of the Issues Having gotten Jim BakerÃ¢â¬â¢s reminder portraying the two new items, John Hill presently has assembled a conference to talk about the present issues. Notwithstanding John and Jim, the gathering incorporates Bill Tasto, VP for assembling, and Ann Lester, VP for showcasing. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s listen in on the gathering. John Hill (president): Bill, we will need to fire up to begin creation of these items when we can.About what amount of creation yield do you figure we can accomplish? Bill Tasto (VP for assembling): We do have a little accessible creation limit, as a result of the items we are ceasing, yet not a ton. We ought to have the option to accomplish a creation pace of a couple of units for every week for every one of these two items. John: Is that all? Bill: Yes. These are confused items requiring cautious making. Also, as I stated, we donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a lot of creation limit accessible. An Application Vignette Swift and Company is an expanded protein-creating business situated in Greeley, Colorado.With yearly deals of over $8 billion, hamburger and related items are by a wide margin the biggest part of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s business. To improve the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s deals and assembling execution, upper administration presumed that it expected to accomplish three significant destinations. One was to empower the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s client care agents to converse with their in excess of 8,000 clients with precise data about the accessibility of present and future stock while considering mentioned conveyance dates and most extreme item age upon conveyance. A second was to create a productive move level calendar for each plant over a 28-day horizon.A third was to precisely decide if a plant can send a mentioned request detail amount on the mentioned date and time given the accessibility of cows and requirements on the plantÃ¢â¬â¢s limit. To address these three difficulties, an administration science group built up a coordinated arrangement of 45 direct programming models dependent on three model definitions to powerfully plan its meat manufacture tasks at five plants progressively as it gets orders. The complete evaluated benefits acknowledged in the main year of activity of this framework were $12. 74 million, including $12 million due to enhancing the item mix.Other benefits reme mber a decrease for orders lost, a decrease in value limiting, and better on-time conveyance. Source: A. Bixby, B. Downs, and M. Self, Ã¢â¬Å"A Scheduling and Capable-to-Promise Application for Swift and Company, Interfaces 36, no. 1 (JanuaryÃ¢â¬February 2006), pp. 69Ã¢â¬86. The issue is to locate the most beneficial blend of the two new items. John: Ann, will we have the option to sell a few of each every week? Ann Lester (VP for showcasing): Easily. John: OK, great. I might want to set the dispatch date for these items in about a month and a half. Bill and Ann, is that plausible? Bill: Yes.Ann: WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to scramble to give these items an appropriate showcasing dispatch that soon. Be that as it may, we can do it. John: Good. Presently thereÃ¢â¬â¢s one more issue to determine. With this constrained creation limit, we have to conclude how to part it between the two items. Would we like to deliver a similar number of the two items? Or on the other hand for the most part o ne of them? Or on the other hand even simply produce as much as possible of one and delay propelling the other one for a brief period? Jim Baker (supervisor of new item improvement): It would be perilous to keep one of the items down and allow our opposition to scoop us. Ann: I agree.Furthermore, propelling them together has a few points of interest from an advertising viewpoint. Since they share a great deal of a similar unique highlights, we can consolidate the promoting for the two items. This is going to make a major sprinkle. John: OK. In any case, which blend of the two items will be generally productive for the organization? Bill: I have a proposal. John: WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s that? Bill: multiple times before, our Management Science Group has helped us with these equivalent sorts of item blend choices, and theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve worked superbly. They uncover all the important information and afterward dive into some nitty gritty examination of the issue.IÃ¢â¬â¢ve discovered their informat ion extremely accommodating. Furthermore, this is definitely suited to their abilities. John: Yes, youÃ¢â¬â¢re right. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s a smart thought. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s get our Management Science Group taking a shot at this issue. Bill, will you facilitate with them? The gathering closes. The Management Science Group Begins Its Work At the beginning, the Management Science Group invests significant energy with Bill Tasto to explain the general issue and explicit issues that administration needs tended to. A specific concern is to learn the fitting goal for the issue from managementÃ¢â¬â¢s viewpoint.Bill calls attention to that John Hill represented the issue as figuring out which blend of the two items will be generally gainful for the organization. 19 20 Chapter Two Linear Programming: Basic Concepts Therefore, with BillÃ¢â¬â¢s simultaneousness, the gathering characterizes the key issue to be tended to as follows. Question: Which mix of creation rates (the quantity of units delivere d every week) for the two new items would expand the complete benefit from them two? The gathering likewise presumes that it should consider every single imaginable mix of creation paces of both new items allowed by the accessible creation limits in the three plants.For model, one other option (in spite of Jim BakerÃ¢â¬â¢s and Ann LesterÃ¢â¬â¢s complaints) is to swear off delivering one of the items until further notice (in this manner setting its creation rate equivalent to focus) so as to deliver however much as could be expected of the other item. (We should not disregard the likelihood that most extreme benefit from the two items may be accomplished by creating none of one and however much as could be expected of the other. ) The Management Science Group next distinguishes the data it needs to accumulate to direct this examination: 1. Accessible creation limit in every one of the plants. 2.How a great part of the creation limit in each plant would be required by every item. 3. Productivity of every item. Solid information are not accessible for any of these amounts, so evaluates must be made. Evaluating these amounts requires enrolling the assistance of key staff in different units of the organization. Bill TastoÃ¢â¬â¢s staff builds up the appraisals that include creation limits. In particular, the staff gauges that the creation offices in Plant 1 required for the new sort of entryways will be accessible roughly four hours out of each week. (The remainder of the time Plant 1 will proceed with current items. The creation offices in Plant 2 will be accessible for the new sort of windows around 12 hours out of every week. The offices required for the two items in Plant 3 will be accessible around 18 hours out of every week. The measure of each plantÃ¢â¬â¢s creation limit really utilized by every item relies upon its creation rate. It is evaluated that every entryway will require one hour of creation time in Plant 1 and three hours in Plant 3. For ever y window, around two hours will be required in Plant 2 and two hours in Plant 3. By examining the cost information and the valuing choice, the Accounting Department evaluates the benefit from the two products.The projection is that the benefit per unit will be $300 for the entryways and $500 for the windows. Table 2. 1 sums up the information presently accumulated. The Management Science Group reco
Friday, August 21, 2020
Chem Lab Report Paper Presentation Matter that individuals experience in regular daily existence comprises of blends of various substances. Blends are mixes of at least two substances in which every substance holds its own compound character and in this manner the first properties are kept up. The substances making up a blend are called its parts. As per our General Chemistry book, there are two kinds of blends; homogeneous and heterogeneous. Homogeneous blends are those that are uniform in sythesis, properties, and appearance all through. Heterogeneous blends don't have a similar arrangement, properties and appearance. Blends are portrayed by two unique properties: every one of the substances in the blend holds its synthetic character and blends are distinguishable into these parts by physical methods, from warming, freezing, drying, and so forth. On the off chance that one of the substances in a blend surpasses the measures of different substances in the blend you consider it a tainted substance and different substances in the blend are contaminations. The readiness of mixes for the most part includes their partition or detachment from reactants or different contaminations. The division of the parts of blends depends on the way that every segment has diverse physical properties. The segments of blends are constantly unadulterated substances, either mixes or components and each unadulterated substance will have an exceptional arrangement of properties. So also, every precious stone of an unadulterated substance softens at a particular temperature and a given weight, and each unadulterated substance bubbles at a particular temperature and a given weight. There are four unique strategies for detachment relying on contrasts in physical properties. They are declination, filtration, extraction, sublimation. We will compose a custom exposition test on Chem Lab Report explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom article test on Chem Lab Report explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom article test on Chem Lab Report explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer In declination, a fluid is isolated from a strong by delicately pouring the fluid from the strong so the main the strong stays in the compartment. Filtration is the way toward isolating a strong from a fluid by utilizing a permeable substance (a channel). Filtration permits the fluid however not the strong to go through, once more, deserting the insoluble substance. Extraction isolates a substance from a blend by deciding to disintegrate that substance in an appropriate dissolvable (typically water). Sublimation happens when a strong passes straightforwardly to the vaporous state and back to the strong state without going through the middle person fluid state. Material and Methods Evaporating Dish Beaker 3. 0 Grams of blend (Enoch ammonium chloride, Nasal sodium chloride, Isis silicon dioxide) Heat plate Balance Oven Stirring pole 15 ml water x 2 = 30 ml water Obtain mass of dissipating dish. 2. Include 3. 0 grams of blend (NICE ammonium chloride, Nasal sodium chloride, Isis silicon dioxide) to the dissipating dish and weigh to acquire mass of vanishing dish and test blend. 3. Deduct mass of dissipating dish from mass of unique example to get mass of unique example. 4. Spot dish with test onto heat plate to brilliant the Enoch. 5. Expel from warmth to cool blend at that point weigh once more. The distinction in mass of vanishing dish and test before warming and subsequent to warming speaks to the measure of Enoch in the blend. 6. Acquire mass of measuring utencil utilizing the parity. 7. Add 15 ml of H2O to the blend in the dissipating dish and mix tenderly 8. Empty the fluid into the measuring glass trying not to move any of the strong into the container. 9. Include another 15 ml of H2O to the blend in the dissipating dish and mix tenderly. Tap the fluid again into the measuring utencil making a point not to move any of the strong into the recepticle to extricate Nasal. 0. Spot measuring glass with sodium chloride arrangement onto heat plate and warmth until water dissipates. Expel from warmth and permit to cool. Gauge measuring utencil. Contrast between this weight and the heaviness of the unfilled measuring utencil is the measure of Nasal in the blend. 11. Take dissipating dish with Isis and warmth until dry in broiler. When dry, expel dissipating dish from broiler and permit to cool. Get the mass of Isis by weighting the vanishing dish with cooled blend and taking away mass of void dissipating dish got before. 12. Discover percent of Enoch, Nasal, and Isis in blend by taking mass of every substance and viding by the mass of the first example. Results: Separation of the Components of a Mixture A. Mass of Evaporating Dish and Original Sample 41 . 606 g Mass of vanishing dish 38. 859 g Mass of unique example 2. 747 g Mass of vanishing dish in the wake of subliming NICE 41. 466 g Mass of Enoch 5. 096 % 0. Egg percent of Enoch % Enoch = 0. Egg/2. 747 100% = 5. 096 % B. Mass of Evaporating Dish, Watch Glass and Nasal 106. 521 g Mass of vanishing dish and measuring utencil 1. 307 g Percent of Nasal Niacin = 1. 307 g/2. 747 g* 100% = 45. 32 % C. Mass of Evaporating Dish and Isis 105. Egg Mass of Ana 45. 32% % 40. 04 g Mass of 38. Egg Mass of Isis 1. Egg percent of Isis = 1. 245 g/2. 747 g* 100% = 45. 322 % D. Mass of Original Sample decided (Enoch + Niacin + Isis) loads 45. 322% % Isis 2. 747 g Mass of 2. 692 g Differences in these 0. 055 g Percent recuperation of issue 97. 997% % recuperation of issue = 2. Egg/2. Egg = 97. 997 % Account for our blunders about 2% Discussion The initial phase in the trial required utilizing the st ove to warm the blend, with ammonium chloride, sodium chloride, and silicon dioxide in the dissipating dish, until white vapor were no longer form[De], as per the lab portrayal. The objective was to sublimate the ammonium chloride, as it isn't water dissolvable. It took around fifteen minutes to sublimate the Enoch. The dish needed to cool too when it came out of the stove. The mass of the dish substance were gauged and deducted from the mass off the beginning mass of the dish and the first blend. The outcome was the loss of NICE. Blunders could have come about because of inaccurately gauging the first and consummation tests. On the off chance that abundant time was not given to the sublimating procedure, Enoch might not have totally left the dish, the weight would not simply incorporate the mass of the other two substances. The following stage required cautious declination and mixing to evacuate just the fluid into a different dish. The objective was to abandon the insoluble substance, sand, and pour off the dissolvable Nasal. It was conceivable to unintentionally evacuate particles of sand into the arrangement, which would impact the mass figuring of the two dishes. In the event that blending was not thorough enough and water was not over and over added to sift through the sand from the fluid, there was a potential for sand remaining behind too. The last stage was to utilize the warming unit to dissipate the water from the answer for abandon Nasal. Simultaneously, the warming unit was utilized to dry the sodium chloride in another dish. A count was made between the mass of the void dissipating dish and the watch glass to uncover the mass of Nasal. Blunders at this stage likely came about because of wrong readings on the scale or not drying the examples totally. The last phase of the analysis was to disconnect the sand and figure its mass. By this late stage, any blunders in estimation, timing and figurings would have streamed down to the last outstanding substance. The level of exactness of the three parts in the test should add up to 99%. On the off chance that the rate was not as much as that, you have been messy as per the lab manual. End In this test, it became evident that what has all the earmarks of being a straightforward blend of components is extremely increasingly muddled. Heterogeneous blends may seem, by all accounts, to be arbitrary assortments of single substances, yet when they are arranged into their segments, the homogeneous components can be watched. This was the situation with this test. The first blend had three substances: Nasal, Enoch, and Isis. By utilizing four techniques, declination, filtration, extraction, and sublimation, the different segments in the blend could be disconnected and moaned.
Wednesday, June 17, 2020
Othello is a man of action. Hamlet is a man of inaction. If Hamlet were placed in Othellos world and vice versa one could assume that both would function well in those circumstances. Othello is a man of action in a play that demands his hesitation and thought. Hamlet is a philosopher in a situation that asks him to act. The resultant drama of both plays is that neither character reacts tidily to their situations. The fact that both plays also end in tragedy may mean that neither choice of conduct is ideal. Hamlet and Othello represent the extremes of thoughtful inaction and thoughtless violence, respectively. To their detriment, both characters adhere to the logic of their world. Despite their protagonists differences, Hamlet and Othello have much in common. Both plays deal with the betrayal of a loved one and the protagonists responses to that betrayal. The betrayals are similar in that they involve female characters in the play and the question of their supposed infidelities . Both plays also make references to ears, hearing, and the possibility of deception in speech. Ultimately, both plays demand that their main characters be something they are not. The texts push the characters to act and react in ways that are contrary to their natural habits. The challenge for both Hamlet and Othello is to accept those demands by stepping outside their constructs. The problem is that neither is able to transcend the logic of their world to successfully avert tragedy.Othello is not a character prone to philosophizing. Neither is he the barbarian Iago dubs him. Othello presents its main character as a courageous soldier, a loving husband, and a respected statesman. The one thing he is not is a critical thinker. On the contrary, his lack of thought is glaringly obvious. Iago too easily convinces him and Othello too quickly acts on those doubts of Desdemonas faithfulness. He has the skills to love deeply and fight bravely, yet those tools do not help him in the end. T he text seems intent on portraying him as a thick-headed fool, all brawn and no brain.Hamlet is presented as a courtier and a scholar. He is not a valiant warrior, yet he lives in the shadow of his father, a celebrated war hero. When the Ghost of his father comes to tell him to avenge his death, he is dressed in his military garb. Hamlet the philosopher must confront his inadequacy as a soldier in the same way that Othello the soldier reveals his inadequacy as a philosopher.Othello oozes with agency. He has a depth and intensity that separates him from the rest of the characters in the play. That depth is intricately tied to his history as a warrior. His history in battles gives him a sense of self. His actions redeem him when faced with adversary. Othello has confidence that comes with the knowledge of respect well won. When Iago tells him that Brabantio speaks against him, Othello self-assuredly replies, Let him do his spite;/ My services, which I have done the signiory,/ Shall o ut-tongue his complaints. (1.2.17-19) Othellos calm signifies his security in his own nobility. He knows that his services validate him in the world of Venetian nobles. In the economy of honor in the play Othello has banked enough to withstand attacks on his character. The only tools he has to out-tongue Brabantio are not words, but a lauded history of actions.Those experiences form his narrative. His ability to shape his own narrative, to be in control of the story of his past are what Desdemona finds so appealing. Though in his own words Othello is little blest with the soft phrase of peace he redeems himself by telling his unvarnished tale. He is in control of his own narrative; his past speaks for him in ways that lucid pontificating can not. Desdemona and Brabantio value him for what he has done and what he can do. They questioned me the story of my life/ From year to year ? the battles, sieges, fortunes/ That I have passed. (1.3.130) Othellos person is the sum whole of those e xperiences. The story of his life is the story of military accomplishments and exotic locales. His tale is clear and unvarnished by complexities and complications. Not only does he display mastery of his life through narrative; the narrative itself is testament to his action.If Othellos self-narrative is clear and untarnished, Hamlets is fraught with contradiction and inconsistency. This is obvious when Hamlet promises the Ghost that he will avenge his fathers death. He declares that he willWipe away all trivial fond records,All saws of books, all forms, all pressures pastThat youth and observation copied there,And thy commandment all alone shall liveWithin the book and volume of my brain. (1.5.99-103)He so easily wipes away the years of grooming, training, and formal education that has prepared him for a life in court society. Yet he can only process his conduct using the language of education and civil society. He replaces fond records and books with a commandment that will exist in the book of his brain. His language belies his purpose. If he were to really replace his revenge for culture, he would not need to articulate it. Violence implies a rejection of speech; the act speaks for itself. His commitment to avenge his fathers murder is therefore problematic. Contained within his promise of violence is allegiance to culture and civility. In his eagerness to appease his fathers Ghost he swears whole-heartedly in the only way he knows how ? by referring to the book of his brain. The only way he can express true resolve is by offering the power of his mind. The point of this promise is that it should be translated into action, not thought.Hamlets promise of revenge contains a contradiction in content and in practice. Not only does he rename the violence promised as a commandment to be contained within a book, he also refutes the promise as he is making it. He is talking to a Ghost, a representation of the past. This is a past that retells itsel f until it is resolved. The Ghosts narrative is one that begs to be retold and remembered, echoed in the Ghosts request of Remember me. In the same breath that Hamlet vows revenge, he wipes away all forms, all pressures past. Included in those pressures past is the memory of his father. He is telling the representation of his fathers past that he will wipe away any record of that past. His promise is then meaningless. This speech, articulating whole-hearted allegiance to the Ghost, is filled with conflicting ideas.Hamlets idea of his self-narrative could not be more confusing. The intellectual grooming of his past is so distasteful to him that he rejects it and starts anew. He replaces his narrative of books and records with a narrative of revenge. But the logic of his promise collapses in on itself when examined closely. He thinks that he needs to wipe away the past in order to memorialize it. Hamlet actually does want to memorialize the Ghost in a meaningful way. The irony is that when attempting to narrate his decision, Hamlets speech is thoughtful yet lacks clarity of thought.Despite the pitfalls of thinking too much, Hamlet is confined by his thoughts, whereas Othello is unencumbered by the shackles of thought. The text repeatedly uses the word free when describing him. Othello tells Iago after he has emphasized his love for Desdemona and is about to face Brabantios anger that, I would not my unhoused free condition / Put into circumscription and confine/ For the seas worth. (1.2.26). He asserts the value he places on his freedom and his resolve to not let the views of others circumscribe and confine him. And when Othello asks that Desdemona accompany him to war he wants only to be free and bounteous to her mind. (1.3.266) Their relationship is built on the foundation of free minds. Othello loves his freedom and enjoys the freedom that loving Desdemona affords him. Given that Othello is a former slave, it makes sense that his sense of freedom is importan t to him. He has earned his freedom, further underscoring his sense of independence.Othello embodies the freedom to act that Hamlet lacks. If, for Hamlet Denmark is a prison, then for Othello Venice is a place where he can assert his autonomy as a decorated soldier. He is not bound by the hesitation and thrust towards constant reflection that plagues Hamlet throughout the play.Iago picks up on this aspect of Othellos character and uses it against him. The Moor is of a free and open nature/ That thinks men honest that but seem to be so,(1.3.397-398) remarks Iago after the ordeal with the senate. Iago understands that Othellos free and open nature leave him susceptible to the suggestion of betrayals. Othellos freedom also encompasses freedom from thought. His mind is free and open in that he does not have fixed notions about the characters of others. He simply thinks those honest that seem to be so. Once those individuals no longer seem to be honest, Othellos world breaks down. Even when convincing Othello of Desdemonas unfaithfulness Iago stresses his allegiance to Othellos sense of autonomy. I would not have your free and noble nature/ Out of self-bounty be abused, (3.3.202-3) Iago says in an effort to allay Othellos fears. He creates a situation of dependence by underscoring Othellos free nature in assessing these matters. Othello is too free and generous with his affections; he needs Iago to protect him from the abuse of others. Iago also alludes to Othellos free nature because he knows Othello possesses the liberty to take action when resolved. Othellos freedom to act prevents him from stopping to think; he values his agency too much to allow for a moment of reflection.Othellos mistake is that he looks to Iago for thought. As a man of action, he has little confidence in his deductive capabilities and is therefore susceptible to the nagging doubts Iago plants in him. The scene where Iago starts to convince Othello of Desdemonas disloyalty is a volley of tho ughts.Oth: What does thou think?Iago: Think, my lord?Oth: Think, my lord! By heaven thou echost me As if there were some monster in thy thought To hideous to be shown? If thou dost love me Show me thy thought.Iago: My, lord you know I love you.Oth: I think thou dost. (3.3.106-20)Othello is begging Iago to share his thoughts. He looks to Iago to process information for him. He has so little confidence in his own ability to think things through and thus appeals to his best friend for that. If Othello has no faith in his own thoughts he is justified in this ? this passage demonstrates his flawed thinking. Iago clearly does not love him, yet Othello thinks he does. If Iago needed anymore evidence that Othello is easily fooled, he receives it in this scene. By asking Iago to show his thoughts, Othello confesses to lacking mental acuity. Any thinking that Othello does have is useless because it is so obviously mistaken. The text cons tructs Othello as an actor and not a thinker. The moment that he alludes to his thinking process is the moment when Othello reveals his true weakness. Hamlets initial resort to violence, like Othellos display of thinking, works to worsen his situation. The scene where he kills Polonius is the one time where he gives into his violent impulse and acts impetuously. This act of uninhibited violence is also one of absolute clumsiness. The image of Hamlet stabbing through the arras, ignorant of his target, trying to convince himself is it Claudius when there is no possibility that it could be Claudius since he has just left him in another room, is so emblematic of his enterprise. When Hamlet does resort to violence, he stabs into the darkness, ungracefully killing, and not fulfilling his purpose. Killing Polonius also works against him in that he commits the injustice towards Laertes that Hamlet himself is trying to avenge. He perpetuates the cycle of violence and undeserved death that he rails against at every opportunity. Hamlets first moment of action equalizes him with Claudius; he becomes that which he hates. Hamlet want to prove his mettle as a warrior of justice, but he can not break so easily from the glass of fashion and the mould of form. When he does attempt to act against his natural inclinations, he accomplishes nothing.Even when both characters do what they are accustomed to, it does not help their situations. Hamlets philosophizing is his way of decoding and revealing the political truths of the court. In Hamlets circuitous approaches to the act of revenge is the constant presence of a fruitless endeavor to address Claudiuss sins by talking about them. His pontificating never leads to a resolve; rather it serves to stultify the action. He can never openly acknowledge the evil he knows Claudius has committed. Hamlet is verbally castrated; he is free to soliloquize, but only in a limited capacity. He can never address the issue through speech, y et for most of the play that is his choice of defense. Philosophizing becomes a comfortable position for Hamlet. It validates his inadequacy to act.The one scene when Othello displays his ability to maintain resolve and carry out his purpose, is the moment when he should be acting against his nature. When he kills Desdemona he maintains a stoic determination to kill her no matter how much she professes her innocence. At first he seems loathe to kill her, the only thing working in Desdemonas favor is Othellos residual feelings of love for her. Yet those emotional attachments can not sway his decision that She must die, else shell betray more men. He has already decided on her guilt, and all he knows is his commitment to his own decision. This is the moment where the text begs Othello to listen, to stop, and to think. Desdemona herself asks him to have mercy on her. She asks him to be the arbiter of something he is not capable of; she wants him to be something beyond himself.Othellos confrontation with his tragic loss is simple. As Emilia enters the room Othello reasons, If she come in, shell sure speak to my wife. My wife, my wife! What wife? I have no wife. In this statement Othellos simplistic thought process is displayed. In the same moment of realization is the simultaneous acceptance of a new reality. The desperation of the second my wife is matched only by the calm resignation of the truth I have no wife. He is a man accustomed to war and violence; the death of his wife garners a second cry and is ultimately met with the resolution of his despair.In the same way that Hamlet is confined to thinking his way through the world, Othello is resigned to acting his way to a resolution. When these characters step out of their usual modes of behavior is the point where they display their inability to function successfully within their worlds. Hamlet would never ask anyone to share their thoughts; he is too satisfied and too involved with his own pontificating to a ccess the ideas of others. Othello would never delay avenging a dead father the way Hamlet does; he lacks the capacity for reflection that causes Hamlet to delay.The tragedy is that they remain stuck in the logic of their respective worlds. When they do break out of their individual world views they are unable to do so effectively. Its interesting to think how well both characters would work if they could switch worlds but the truth is that they can not. They are only offered the opportunity to remain in their worlds and function according to their nature. They have no choice but to accept the challenge of the text, yet they are doomed from the start because of their character construction. The message of those plays, when examined in light of their protagonists constructive differences is that one should aim for a unity of thought and action that is neither extreme.
Monday, May 18, 2020
Fact, Fiction, and Perception: Understanding Schizophrenia Tia M. Hunter Understanding Schizophrenia 1 Salem College Understanding Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disorder of varying symptoms, in fact until the current edition of the DSM-V this disorder was broken into subtypes such as catatonic, disorganized, paranoid, undifferentiated, and residual. There many facets of schizophrenia such as auditory hallucinations, delusions, social isolation, as well as intense suspicion or agitation, each of which contributed to the previous subtypes of schizophrenia. Today, individuals with schizophrenia are assessed severity of symptoms rather than by classification. How Do You Know Cain was a typical law student making his mark on the world. At twenty-four years old he was in his final year of law school, if he finished out his final stretch perfect there were already offers waiting for him. That was until Cain?s friends began to notice a change in him; over the course of the school year Cain began to change into someone they did not know. It began with Cain being a little more anxious than normal, his fellow classmates just wrote this off as stress of the last year (Bray, 2007), but his behavior soon began to escalate. Rather than participate in study groups or pull his share of the group work on cases, Cain became disorganized and paranoid (Castle Buckley, 2015). Cain wanted nothing to do with his friends, and felt that they were out to take his offers away. Rather thanShow MoreRelatedUnderstanding Schizophreni How Do You Know?1916 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesUnderstanding Schizophrenia 3 Understanding Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disorder of varying symptoms, in fact until the current edition of the DSM-V this disorder was broken into subtypes such as catatonic, disorganized, paranoid, undifferentiated, and residual. 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Being uncertain about the characteristics of a person with AspergerÃ¢â¬â¢s allows people to go through life not understanding the disorder itself and peop le who have it. AspergerÃ¢â¬â¢s is one disorder of many in the Autism Spectrum. The AutismRead MoreCMNS 304 Notes Essay5778 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesour opinions, thoughts, and perceptions. To emphasize this point, Tannen refers to a scientific study in which participants viewed a video of two cars colliding. After one week, some subjects were questioned about the video in term of the cars Ã¢â¬Å"bumping into each otherÃ¢â¬ , while the other group heard Ã¢â¬Å"smashing into each otherÃ¢â¬ . The latter group recalled the cars moving at much higher speeds than the first group, illustrating the power and influence words can have on perception. This is just one of theRead MoreBehavior Therapy: Basic Concepts, Assessment Methods, and Applications.2912 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesrevealed a belief in cause and effect relationships between mental activities and learned behavior. In the 1966 edition of his 1928 book, The Behavior of Organisms, Skinner still named the belief that emotions are important factors in behavior a mental fiction. In addition, he thought that it is wrong, or at least not scientific, to consider that people cry because they are sorry or tremble because they are afraid. Behavior therapy developed rapidly. 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He basically tells Quentin that succeeding in life is only an illusion of philosophers and fools. Undoubtedly these are the words of an extremely mentally ill person. Deranged people often see strange illusions
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Hook. In the book Beloved by Toni Morrison and Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ by William Faulkner, the theme: Identity Results from the release of Repression through metaphors when Paul D talks about the tobacco tin, when Emily holds on to her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death, and both of them holding onto their past. When Paul D and Beloved get together his hypothetical tobacco tin is opened and he becomes humanized which allows him to develop his identity. When EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s father dies she holds onto his corpse and is unable to let the physical symbol of her past move on. Even though one symbol was physical and the other was hypothetical they were both willing to do what they needed to repress their past. With this in mind it is important to first discuss, the metaphorÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"It was some time before he could put Alfred, Georgia, Sixo, Schoolteacher, Halle, his brothers, Sethe, minister, the taste of iron, the sight of butter, the smell of hickory, notebook pape r, one by one, into the tobacco tin lodged in his chest. By the time he got to 124 nothing in this world could pry it open.Ã¢â¬ (Morrison 133) The tobacco tin represents privacy and his past. Paul D was locking up his past in this tin can. The tin can isnÃ¢â¬â¢t even something Paul D can open up himself. In this next quote, Paul D and Sethe were discussing the past but they decide not to go in too deep into their memories. Ã¢â¬Å"Saying more might push them both to a place they couldnt get back from. He would keep the rest where it belonged: in that tobacco tin buried in his chest where a red heart used to be. Its lid rusted shut. He would not pry it loose now in front of this sweet sturdy woman, for if she got a whiff of the contents it would shame him. And it would hurt her to know that there was no red heart as bright as MisterÃ¢â¬â¢s comb beating in him. (Morrison 86). This quote shows that both Sethe and Paul D were unwilling to dwell on the past too much due to their fe ar of reliving it. Paul D attempts to force his memories into that tobacco tin but they always found a way to leak back out once again. Next it is important to discuss how Emily holding onto her father represents the theme. The story Ã¢â¬Å"A Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬ by William Faulkner, relates to the theme:Show MoreRelatedTheme Of Freedom In Beloved By Toni Morrison951 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThis quote highlights the recurring theme of Ã¢â¬Å"simple joysÃ¢â¬ of freedom in Ã¢â¬Å"BelovedÃ¢â¬ . Despite being a slave, Sethe learns the joy of freedom by sneaking out into the cornfields with her love interest, Halle. Sethe whimsical diction equates the beauty of the corn silk to freedom. The use of words like Ã¢â¬Å"tight sheathÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"loose silkÃ¢â¬ use corn to display a contrast between freedom and slavery. While I never have never had my freedom stripped away from me like Sethe, I also can appreciate the Ã¢â¬Å"simpleRead MoreAlienation within Beloved Essay1209 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAlienation within Ã¢â¬Å"BelovedÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Cultural trauma refers to a dramatic loss of identity and meaning, a tear in the social fabric, affecting a group of people that has achieved some degree of cohesionÃ¢â¬ (Day 2). This quote by Ron Eyerman in Ã¢â¬Å"Cultural TraumaÃ¢â¬ references a large theme within the novel Ã¢â¬Å"BelovedÃ¢â¬ ; Alienation of the self with its own identity. As the cultural trauma of slavery took its toll on the populations of each and every state where it persisted, it culminated in the same outcome inRead MoreUse of Violence in Beloved by Toni Morrison Essay668 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesas society does not want to admit, violence serves as a form of entertainment. In media today, violence typically has no meaning. Literature, movies, and music, saturated with violence, enter the homes of millions everyday. On the other hand, in Beloved, a novel by Toni Morrison, violence contributes greatly to the overall work. The story takes place during the age of the enslavement of African-Americans for rural labor in plantations. Sethe, the proud and noble protagonist, has suffered a greatRead MoreÃ¢â¬Å"God could not be everywhere and therefore he made mothersÃ¢â¬ so goes the old saying. Giving birth,1600 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmother-child bond is regarded the world over as the most perfect and intimate of unions. 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Shakespeare loves his sweetheart so dearly, he puts it in a poem, telling his beloved that when they pass on, their memory will live in his writing, and will be remembered by anyone who readsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Migrant Hostel 1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIdentity is moulded by a multitude of different sources, and this is demonstrated on personal, social, historical and cultural levels. The intricacy of the relationship depicted in Feliks Skrzynecki, between the narrator and his father presents a perspective on the author s personal identity. Post card illustrates the historical perception of identity, representing a disparity of identity between the narrator and his parents caused by a lack of presence in Warsaw. The perception of social identityRead MoreThe Father Of Modern Linguistics, E dward Sapir, Characterized1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslearned skill achieved through culture. 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My cultural identity influences everything about me, from the moment I wake up, to the minute I rest my head on my pillow at night. My culture influences the way I eat, speak, worship, and interact with people. However, I am not only affected by my own culture, but othersÃ¢â¬â¢ culture as well. I am fortunate to have an extremely rich heritage, and I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be prouder of my cultural identity. The first, and arguably
Sometimes simple and easy language can be the most effective to express complex ideas. Emily Dickinson uses plain words to great effect, such as in the poem, The Brain is wider than the Sky. The poem compares and contrasts the human brain with the sky, the sea, and God. This poem is manageable enough for the casual reader to understand, and yet opens up ideas for the sophisticated reader to explore. In the following paragraphs I will analyze Dickinsons poem, line for line, and explain the theme of the poem, which is the relationship between the human mind and the external world. In the opening stanza of The Brain- is wider than the Sky-, Dickinson contrasts the human brain with the sky. In the first line Dickinson sets the tone of the poem and states, The Brain is wider thean the sky-. I usually view the wide sky as being almost limitless, but here Dickinson is saying that the brain is even beyond the limits of the sky. We will write a custom essay sample on Analysis of Emily Dickinsons Poem or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In the second line, for- put them side by side-, Dickinson asks the reader to compare the brain with the sky. In the third line of the first stanza, she says, The one the other will contain, and without saying which one contains the other she leaves the reader to assume that the sky fits within the brain. The brain is able to incorporate the sky and the entire universe into its thoughts. In the last line of this stanza, Dickinson writes, With ease- and You- beside-, to strengthen the point. In this line You means the human body, which is ironic as the brain is physically smaller than the body, but not metaphorically. In the second stanza of the poem, Dickinson compares the brain with the sea. In the 5th line of the poem, The Brain is deeper than the sea-, Dickinson uses this metaphor to say that although the sea is made up of a vast amount of water, the brain can store an immense amount of knowledge. In the second line of this stanza, when she says, for-hold them- Blue to Blue-, she may be reestablishing the sky metaphor that was used in the first stanza. Another way to interpret this line, is the color the mind can imagine compared to the blue of the natural sky. In the third and fourth lines, if she is comparing the sky to the sea, then she is talking about how the clouds in the sky absorbs the ocean water to create rain. Another interpretation is that the brain can imagine the sky, thereby absorbing the sky into its thoughts. The third and final stanza is arguably the most complex of the three stanzas in this poem. In the 9th line Dickinson says that the weight of the brain is equal to that of God, because our total collective consciousness is comparagle to that of God, and the brains capacity is infinie like God. In the second line Dickinson again asks us to test the two subjects against each other, as she did in the second line of the other two stanzas. In the 11th line of the poem, she adds an element of doubt by saying, If they do. The last line I find the most interesting, when Dickinson says the Brain and God differ, As syllable from sound-, which is imcompatible as a comparison. Syllable and sound cannot be compared, which reminds me of the idiom, apples to oranges. To sum it up, the is comparable to the Sky and the Sea, but is incomparable to the mind of God. The form of the poem consists of three four-line stanzas. They follow iambic tetrameter for the first and thrid lines of each stanza, and trimeter for the second and fourth lines of each stanza. The rhyme scheme Dickinson uses is ABCB in each stanza. Dickinson uses long dashes to break the flow of words, which works as a rhythmic device to cause short pauses. The theme of the poem is the complicated relatiohship between the mind and the external world. In the poem, The Brain is wider than the Sky_, the poet tesifies to the minds ability to interpret, absorb, and experience the world around it.